Henry Travers


My research focuses on understanding human behaviour and applying social science methods to predicting and evaluating the effectiveness of conservation interventions. I am particularly interested in incentive-based approaches to reducing illegal behaviour. I work in Central and East Africa, Europe and South-East Asia, and live in Rome.

Current Research

I currently work on the TRADE and HESTIA projects.


Travers H., Archer L. J., Mwedde, G., Roe, D., Baker J., Plumptre A., Rwetsiba A., MilnerGulland E.J. (2019) Understanding complex drivers of wildlife crime to design effective conservation interventions (In Press). Conservation Biology.

Redpath, S. M., Keane, A., Andrén, H., Baynham-Herd, Z., Bunnefeld, N., Duthie, A. B., Pollard, C. R., Rakotonarivo, S., Salk, C. F., & Travers, H. (2018). Games as Tools to Address Conservation Conflicts. Trends in ecology & evolution33(6), 415-426.

Miquelle, D. G., Poole, C. M., Mahood, S. P., Travers, H., Linkie, M., Goodrich, J., Walston, J., Rotha, K., & Rabinowtiz, A. (2018). Comments on “a framework for assessing readiness for tiger reintroductions”. Biodiversity and Conservation27(12), 3287-3293.

Salk, C., & Travers, H. (2018). Not all group incentives are created equally. Conservation Letters11(1), e12432.

Guerrero, A., Bennett, N., Wilson, K., Carter, N., Gill, D., Mills, M., Ives, C. D., Selinske, M. J., Larrosa, C., Bekessy, S., Januchowski-Hartley, F., Travers, H., Wyborn, C. A., & Nuno, A. (2018). Achieving the promise of integration in social-ecological research: a review and prospectus. Ecology and Society23(3).

Wilfred, P., Milner-Gulland, E. J., & Travers, H. (2017). Attitudes to illegal behaviour and conservation in western Tanzania. Oryx, 1-10.

Travers, H., Clements, T., & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2016). Predicting responses to conservation interventions through scenarios: A Cambodian case study. Biological Conservation204, 403-410.

Cooney, R., Roe, D., Dublin, H., Phelps, J., Wilkie, D., Keane, A., Travers, H., Skinner, D., Challender, D., Allan, J. & Biggs, D. (2016) From Poachers to Protectors: Engaging Local Communities in Solutions to Illegal Wildlife Trade. Conservation Letters.

Travers, H., Clements, T. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2016) Predicting responses to conservation interventions through scenarios: A Cambodian case study. Biological Conservation, 204, 403-410.

Travers, H., Winney, K., Clements, T., Evans, T.D. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2015) A tale of two villages: an investigation of conservation-driven land tenure reform in a Cambodian Protection Forest. Land Use Policy, 43, 186-196.

Travers, H., Clements, T., Keane, A., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2011) Incentives for cooperation: The effects of institutional controls on common pool resource extraction in Cambodia. Ecological Economics, 71, 151-161.

Supervised MSc projects

“Testing the validity of a theory of change approach to conducting a Social Impact Assessment in
Keo Seima Wildlife Sanctuary, Cambodia.” – Catherine Walker, April-Sept 2016, Co-Supervisor with E.J. Milner-Gulland (University of Oxford)

“Cutting the roots of wildlife crime: Local people’s preferences for wildlife crime reduction policies.” – Geoffrey Mwedde, April-Sept 2015, Co-Supervisor with E.J. Milner-Gulland (Imperial College London)

“Conservation conversations: Understanding the potential impacts of future conservation policy interventions in Uganda.” – Lucy Archer, April-Sept 2015, Co-Supervisor with E.J. Milner-Gulland (Imperial College London)

“Tapping into Nature: Examining the dynamics of resin tapper livelihoods in Seima Protected Forest, Mondulkiri, Cambodia.” – Sarah Cheetham, April-Sept 2014, Co-Supervisor with E.J. Milner-Gulland (Imperial College London) & A. Diment (WCS Cambodia).

“Measuring the effectiveness of incentives: can experimental games really give us the answer?” – Davy Martin, April-Sept 2013, Co-Supervisor with E.J. Milner-Gulland (Imperial College London) & T. Clements (WCS Cambodia).

“Quantifying land use change and identifying predictors of forest clearance in Seima Protection Forest, Cambodia.” – Kyle Winney, April-Sept 2012, Co-Supervisor with E.J. Milner-Gulland (Imperial College London).