University of Oxford,
Department of Zoology,
11a Mansfield Road,
Oxford OX1 3SZ, UK
I’ve always felt that people and nature are intrinsically linked, and that all lives – human and animal – deserve moral consideration. With a passion for nature and the outdoors, a desire to improve human lives, and a thirst for knowledge and exploration, conservation science has always felt like the ideal career path for me.
My career and research background had been quite diverse, spanning three continents and several themes, from international environmental policy in Cambridge, UK; to community-based tourism in Ethiopia; to protected area management and anti-wildlife trafficking in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania; to saving sharks and rays in Indonesia.
Despite this variety, I have always maintained a common interest in understanding synergies and trade-offs between conservation and human well-being, and assessing the impact of conservation interventions. I am interested in cost-effective conservation, and ways of maximising conservation outcomes for minimum cost to society. I enjoy researching complex inter-disciplinary conservation issues in challenging contexts, especially where the results can inform management and lead to measurable conservation impact.
I’m a first-generation PhD from Birmingham, and passionate about equity and diversity in science. In particular, I’m interested in promoting participation of women, local people, minority groups, and people from low-income backgrounds in conservation.
I am interested in conducting applied research on how to solve tricky conservation problems. In particular, I’m interested in using interdisciplinary approaches to understand conservation challenges and design management measures to optimise trade-offs between conservation objectives and human well-being.
My PhD research focuses on novel approaches to shark conservation.
Sharks and their cartilaginous relatives (Class Chondrichthyes) are one of the world’s most threatened species groups, primarily due to overfishing in both targeted and bycatch fisheries.
Practical fisheries management action is required to significantly reduce shark fishing mortality. However, creating systems and incentives for implementing shark conservation is complicated by the high economic value of global commercial fisheries (with high levels of shark bycatch) and the socio-economic vulnerability of small-scale fishers (many of which depend on sharks for food security, income and employment).
Acknowledging these needs and challenges, my research aims to better understand some of the trade-offs between shark conservation and fisheries objectives, and design practical management options for optimising these trade-offs in case study sites, and at scale. The research approach is inter-disciplinary, drawing on methods from fisheries science and behavioural economics, in order to meet the following aims:
- Develop a risk-based decision-making framework for feasible, least-cost shark mortality reduction, based on the mitigation hierarchy
- Understand underlying technical and socio-economic drivers of shark overfishing, to develop feasible, least-cost management options in different case study fishery types
Imperial College London, MSc Conservation Science | Grade: distinction
Thesis: Evaluating the impact of conservation policy: the case of manta ray catch and trade in Indonesia
University of Cambridge, BA (Hons) Natural Sciences and Management Studies | Grade: first class
Thesis (Part II Management Studies): Towards a credit-scoring model for social investment
Thesis (Part II Zoology): Information acquisition and decision-making in locusts
2019- Present Conservation Hierarchy Technical Coordinator, Synchronicity Earth, London
2016- Present Sharks and Rays Advisor, the Wildlife Conservation Society, SE Asia Archipelago
2015 Assistant Programme Officer, Species, UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge
2013–15 Assistant to the Africa Director, Africa Regional Office, Frankfurt Zoological Society, Tanzania
2013 Sustainable Tourism Consultant, Counterpart International, Ethiopia
2011-13 Assistant Program Officer, Ecosystem Services and Assessment, UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge
2010-11 Intern, Science Programme, UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge
Prof. EJ Milner-Gulland, Oxford NaturalMotion Graduate Scholarship
Joseph Hooker Prize for best course work, MSc in Conservation Science, Imperial College London
King’s College Academic Attainment Award, University of Cambridge
Worts Travelling Scholars Award, Donald Robertson Travelling Scholarship, University of Cambridge
N.B this page was last updated in June 2020. Please see my google scholar profile for an up to date list.
Peer reviewed literature – lead author: (in order of publication, most recent first)
Booth, H. et al. (2020). Managing wildlife trade for sustainable development outcomes after COVID-19. SocArXiv preprints (n review at World Development).
Booth, H, Pooley, S, Clements, T, Hertwata, I, Lewis, S, Lestari, P, Warwick, L, Milner-Gulland, E.J, (2020). Assessing the impact of regulations on the use and trade of wildlife: An operational framework, with a case study on manta rays. Global Ecology and Conservation.
Booth H, Squires D, Milner-Gulland EJ. (2019). The mitigation hierarchy for sharks: a risk-based framework for reconciling trade-offs between shark conservation and fisheries objectives. Fish & Fisheries.
Booth H, Squires D, Milner-Gulland EJ. (2019). The neglected complexities of shark fisheries, and priorities for holistic risk- based management. Ocean & Coastal Management.
Booth, H. (2019). Knowing and doing - conservation charities must spend wisely. Nature.
Peer reviewed literature – co-author:
Booth H, Arias M, Brittain S, Challender DWS, Khanyari M, Kuiper T, Li Y, Olmedo A, Oyanedel R, Pienkowski T and Milner-Gulland EJ (2021) “Saving Lives, Protecting Livelihoods, and Safeguarding Nature”: Risk-Based Wildlife Trade Policy for Sustainable Development Outcomes Post-COVID-19. Front. Ecol. Evol. 9:639216. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2021.639216
Gupta, T., Booth, H., Arlidge, W., Rao, C., Manoharakrishnan, M., Namboothri, N., Shanker, K., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2020) ‘Mitigation of elasmobranch bycatch in trawlers: A case study in Indian fisheries’, Front Mar Sci.
Petrovan, S. et al. (2020). Post COVID-19: a solution scan of options for preventing future zoonotic epidemics, OSF preprints (in review at Biological Reviews).
Milner-Gulland, E. J. et al. (2020) ‘Four steps for the Earth: mainstreaming the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework’. SocArXiv preprints (accepted with revisions at One Earth).
Mustika, P. L. K., Ichsan, M., & Booth, H. (2020). The Economic Value of Shark and Ray Tourism in Indonesia and Its Role in Delivering Conservation Outcomes. Front Mar Sci.
Arlidge WNS, Squires D, Alfaro-shigueto J, Booth H, Mangel JC. (2020). A Mitigation Hierarchy Approach for Managing Sea Turtle Captures in Small-Scale Fisheries. Front Mar Sci.
Ichsan, M., Ula, S., Simeon, B., Muttaqin, E., & Booth, H. (2020). Thresher sharks (Alopiidae) catch in the pelagic fisheries of Western Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.
Muttaqin, E., Abdullah, A., Nurilmala, M., Ichsan, M., Simeone, B. M., Yulianto, I., and Booth, H. 2019. DNA-barcoding as molecular marker for seafood forensics: Species identification of locally consumed shark fish products in the world’s largest shark fishery. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.
Mardhiah, U., Booth, H., Simeon, B. M., Muttaqin, E., Ichsan, M., Prasetyo, A. P., & Yulianto, I. (2019). Quantifying vulnerability of shark and ray species in Indonesia: Is biological knowledge sufficient for the assessment?. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.
Yulianto, I., Booth, H., Ningtias, P., Kartawijaya, T., Santos, J., Kleinertz, S., Campbell, S.J., Palm, H.W. and Hammer, C., (2018). Practical measures for sustainable shark fisheries: Lessons learned from an Indonesian targeted shark fishery. PLOS One.
Hudson, L.N., Newbold, T., Contu, S., Hill, S.L., Lysenko, I., De Palma, A., Phillips, H.R., Senior, R.A., Bennett, D.J., Booth, H. and Choimes, A., (2014). The PREDICTS database: a global database of how local terrestrial biodiversity responds to human impacts. Ecology and evolution.
Newbold, T., Hudson, L.N., Phillips, H.R., Hill, S.L., Contu, S., Lysenko, I., Blandon, A., Butchart, S.H., Booth, H., Day, J. and De Palma, A., (2014). A global model of the response of tropical and sub-tropical forest biodiversity to anthropogenic pressures. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences.
Newbold, T., Scharlemann, J.P., Butchart, S.H., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H., Alkemade, R., Booth, H. and Purves, D.W., (2013). Ecological traits affect the response of tropical forest bird species to land-use intensity. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences.
Other selected reports and media:
Booth, H. If new international protections are going to save sharks, we must work with shark fishers. ICCS blog. September 2019. https://www.iccs.org.uk/blog/if-new-international-protections-are-going-save-sharks-we-must-work-shark-fishers
Booth, H. Sharks and rays: worth more alive, but to whom? ICCS blog. July 2019. https://www.iccs.org.uk/blog/sharks-and-rays-worth-more-alive-whom
Booth, H. and Yulianto, I., Saving sharks through science-based fisheries management. Medium. November 2018. https://medium.com/wcs-marine-conservation-program/saving-sharks-through-science-based-fisheries-management-9e2b8109febd
Booth, H. Reducing manta ray mortality in the world’s largest targeted manta ray fishery. National Geographic Blog. July 2018. https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2018/07/26/reducing-manta-ray-mortality-in-the-worlds-largest-targeted-manta-fishery/
Booth, H. Shark conservation success stories from South East Asia. Medium, July 2018. https://medium.com/wcs-marine-conservation-program/shark-conservation-success-stories-from-south-east-asia-2abf340dac6d
Booth, H. Muttaqin, E., Simeon, B., Ichsan, M., Siregar, U., Yulianto, I. and Kassem, K. 2018. Shark and ray conservation and management in Indonesia: Status and strategic priorities 2018-2023. Wildlife Conservation Society. Bogor, Indonesia.
Booth, H. Indonesia Shark Diaries. National Geographic Blog. July 2017. https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2017/07/24/indonesia-shark-diaries/
- Marine Protected Areas for Sharks. Our Oceans Conference, Bali, Indonesian, 2018
- Shark Fisheries Management. Our Oceans Conference, Bali, Indoneisa, 2018
- Tools & incentives to combat IUU trade of marine fauna: Combining law enforcement & livelihoods to deliver measurable conservation outcomes in the world’s largest targeted manta ray fishery. 5th International Marine Conservation Congress, Kuching, Malaysia, 2018
- Putting marine science in to practice for conservation and management of sharks and rays in South East Asia (symposium organiser/cochair). 5th International Marine Conservation Congress, Kuching, Malaysia, 2018
- Not by legality alone: addressing shark overexploitation in Indonesia. The Oxford Martin School on Illegal Wildlife Trade Annual Symposium. Oxford, UK, November 2017